Interesting Reads – 05-11-2018

Stocks that investment gurus would buy for Diwali 2018 (ET)

In this article, ET has explained and filtered stocks based on methods used by 4 investment gurus – James O’ Shaughnessy, Warren Buffett, Joel Greenblatt, Joseph Piotroski


Can Ethanol Change Business Dynamics For Sugar Industry? (BQ)

A good read on changing dynamics for sugar industry.


The Low Stress Way to Research Stocks (Safal Niveshak)

Jatin Khemani talks about his equity research process and how he tries to balance the stress part of the equation that it involves


A Brief Overview Of Global & Indian Coffee Sector (Alpha Invesco)


Understanding The Indian Tyre Industry, Key Players & The Road Ahead (Alpha Invesco)


Reminiscences Of A Stock Operator: The Volkswagen Chronicles (Albert Bridge Capital)

Mother of all short squeezes, Volkswagen briefly became the world’s biggest company by market value, as short sellers caught betting on a price drop with borrowed stock scrambled to find shares after a buying spree by Porsche

Management Interviews – Globus Spirits, Prataap Snacks, Berger Paints, Ceat

Globus Spirits

  • Investing 25-30 crs into premium IMFL business every year. Sales is small now but it’s a high growth business
  • Economy brand business growing at about 8-10% every year
  • Rajasthan is a biggest state, followed by Haryana and then West Bengal
  • Bihar Distillary – Is for ethanol policy – Large part of capacity will go to OMCs – Will start in next 2 months – Will add about 100 crs of revenue to our business on annual basis – Margins will be north of 20%
  • Have taken price increase and that lead to increase in margins
  • Margin increase due to ethanol is not yet played out
  • 12% margins can be safely assumed this year and will increase once ethanol is played out
  • Rajasthan is over 30% of our revenues and most profitable state, don’t see much change in buiness due to elections
  • There will be some capex in Bihar and Haryana for ethanol


Link :


Prataap Snacks

  • Will not take debt for acquisition of Avadh snacks, already have cash on books of about 140 crs and cash reqd is 145 crs
  • Avadh snacks revenue is 140 crs; Ebitda margins are 7.5-8.5%; No.4 in Gujarat Category
  • They have small debt of 2-3 crs Rs
  • Gujarat is 4-5% of India’s population – they consume around 12-14% of Indian snacks
  • Revenues of Prataap snacks from Gujarat is just 12-25 crs in a year
  • Will take our holding from 80% to 100% in next 4-5 years; until then Avadh promoters will run the business for us
  • We have a growth target of 18-20% and margins of 7.5%
  • Will target revenues of 1250 crs this year


Link :


Berger Paints

  • RM Prices – Moderation in some and some gone up
  • Re devaluation will impact us as 25-30% of RM is imported
  • We will take a price increase of 1-1.5% in September
  • Ebitda margins will be static or some drop if we are unable to take price increase
  • Saboo coating acquisition – Speciality products – Glass coating, Plastic coating – Earlier it was a Noth Indian company – We are planning it to take to different geographies
  • Volume growth was at 17% in Q1 due to base effect; In Q2 it might not be 17% but can expect a good volume growth
  • Market share – 19% in decorative business
  • Capacity utilization – 70-72% in normal months and 90-92% in seasonal months
  • Going to set up a plant near Lucknow in UP which will come up in 2020


Link :



  • Our physical rubber inventory will be around 3-4 weeks
  • We have a mix of rubber sourcing i.e. imports and local
  • We are facing some supply issues from Kerela in last 2-3 weeks leading to production stoppage
  • Local rubber prices have moved up from 125/kg to 133/kg (Kerela). As far as international prices are concerned – they are rangebound around 1450 $
  • Availability of carbon black have improved in last 2 months.
  • Re depreciation has also impacted delivery costs in terms of imports
  • 2 Wheller demand is good in last 2-3 months; also seen growth in both OEM and Replacement market
  • We are working for additional capacity addition based on our long term capex plan
  • Likely to incur 1000 cr capex in Halol for TBR – Will be commissione din Q3 of this FY
  • Setting up greenfield plant in Southern india for Passenger Vehicles – Est capex is 2000 crs
  • Capex spend will be in phases ; funded through internal accruals (1/3rd) and debt (2/3rd) – Debt to Equity at end of FY19 could be 0.7-0.8


Link :





Page Industries – 90 PE is not expensive – Cartica Capital (Part 2)

In our last post we mentioned how Cartica Capital finds Page Ind. is reasonably valued at 90 PE

The interview was aired on 28th June 2018

Looking at the Shareholding pattern of Page Industries we came across that holding of Cartica Capital has come down from 8,62,721 shares to 6,84,058 shares  between March to June 2018. Price range of Page Ind. during same time was 21800 to 27800

Shareholding of Cartica in Page Ind. over last 3 years

Quarter No. of shares
June 2018 6,84,058
March 2018 8,62,721
September 2016 8,64,565
June 2016 8,69,465
September 2015 8,63,650

Price Chart of Page Ind

Management Interviews – NIIT Technologies, Mastek Ltd., Ashok Leyland, M&M, Bajaj Auto, Sterlite Technologies

NIIT Technologies

  • Annual Salary hikes comes in Q1 leading to depressed margins
  • Order intake for this quarter is $151 mn vs $110 mn YoY with US as lion’s share
  • US is now 50% of revenues vs 48%
  • Within BFSI, amount of spends coming from Capital markets subsegment to meet regulatory impediments are large



Mastek Ltd

  • As a result of our investments in last 18-24 months, we are seeing a good momentum in topline
  • Financial performance is a lag indicator, our pipeline have grown 25% QoQ, order book remains robust, we are signing multi year deals
  • More IT services will be needed to establish departments set out due to Brexit
  • Sequentially US grew 4.2% and 10% YoY. Investments in digital commerce space (Retail to Ecommerce) is where we are helping our customers
  • We have been in UK for 22 years and US for a year and a half
  • Margins trend will continue to have upward bias as we keep on investing and growin the business



Ashok Leyland

  • Taken price hike of 1.5-2% in April which helped us to neutralize increase in RM prices
  • In chase of volumes we are not going to do heavy discounting. We don’t push credit into pipe and try to take offtake higher
  • Net cash on books is 1200 crs
  • Its 12-13th sequential quarter of double digit ebitda margins
  • Hopefully in 2nd half of this year we can see softening of steel prices
  • Market share for current quarter is 30.2% for MHCV segment (fallen by 4.5%)
  • Gained market share in LCV segment from 15 to 16% -> 34% growth in volumes
  • We are clearly walking away from negative margins sales and let some of business go. For us it not a market share game, our plan is to grow profitably
  • 8-10% growth at the end of the year is very much possible
  • Extra load in existing vehicles brings safety concerns as it will be overloaded; can be brought prospectively in new vehicles
  • Last quarter we saw heavy discounting by other players to play volume game




  • Govt notifications on extra load cannot be applied retrospectively as we have designed vehicles as per earlier rules
  • Will have to design new truck for new axle load
  • It will take minimum of a year to design and make trucks to be able to leverage full axle capacity that govt has now approved



Bajaj Auto

  • Exports grown by 31% in totality
  • Domestic motorcycle grown by 40%
  • CV business grown by 80%
  • All in all grown by 36% in number terms
  • Had a record sales in international three wheelers, on track to achieve 2 million on export side
  • CV business – runrate of 100,000 coming per quarter, annual target of 375,000
  • Domestic motorcycle – Industry growth at 19%, we have grown at 34%
  • Margins at 18.4% vs 20% tradionally
  • CV and Exports have seen same margins
  • Domestic motorcycle is growing more in terms of topline so margins have come off on overall business
  • Will go in more aggressive in terms of pricing and market share for M1 segment (entry level) which forms 15% of turnover
  • Sports segment, 3 wheeler, Spare parts will continue with the same margins



Sterlite Tech

  • Sitting at all time high order book from 3100 cr to 6034 cr as on June 2018
  • As of the visibility today we are predicting $ 100 mn profit mark can be achieved by march 2019
  • Margins significantly improved from FY 16 to FY 17
  • One of our facilities which was operated at 45% utilization is now operated at 95% utilization
  • Overall operating efficiency is improving
  • 24-25% margins is our medium term outlook (no expansion)
  • Metallurgica acquisition will help in Europe as a startegic hub and also brings in new set of customers. Will be EPS accretive immediately
  • Out of 6000 cr order book, 5000 cr is coming from products which is largely from european markets. Rest 1000 cr is system and software development


Management Interviews – MIRC Electronics, SH Kelkar, Dish TV, Balaji Telefilms, Bajaj Electricals

MIRC Electronics

  • Sold 150,000 units grossing 90 crs of washing machines last year , expecting it to go upto 250,000 units this year grossing 160 crs


  • Contribution margin in washing machines will go up from 27% to 31%


  • Capacity utilization at 50% now


  • Bennett coleman holds 7% stake in company which in effect can do 60 crs worth of advertising, out of which 30 crs is unutilized at this moment


  • By next March warrants will kick in, so total infusion will be 130 crs (90 crs + 40 crs warrants), Our borrowing was 150 crs.


  • Non core assets can realize 120-130 crs


Link :


SH Kelkar

  • Long term initiatives such as Investment in R&D , Sales expansion, Reducing operating expenses are all in track


  • Pressure on gross margins as raw material supply scenario which has panned out in Indian chemical suppliers


  • Had a 6% dip in gross margins at 39% vs 44% (Average margins). Will slowly recover in 2nd half of Financial year


  • On last years base we can grow Revenues at excess of 15%


  • We have higher market share in premium products then in lower range products


Link :


Dish TV

  • Added 3 lakh subscribers in this quarter


  • Revenue growth guidance – 7 to 8 % for full year


  • HD has contributed 40% of new subsscribers this quarter. Out of total subscribers base 17% are consuming HD content


  • Ebitda margins has moved up from 30.5% to 33.6% QoQ. Guidance 34-36% this year


  • Synergies from personal cost, back end, admin, content has just started to come in


  • One time cost have come in Finance cost due to upfront fees paid on re nogotiation of D2H debt at much attractive interest rate. Finance cost will be 25-30 crs lower from what you see now


  • Our market share is more than 40%, focus is to add share on net basis and increase ARPU


  • With incoming of Tariff order, it will help restore level playing field between cable and DTH


Link :


Balaji Telefilms

  • We have doubled the number of subscribers in last 3 months from 1.2 million to 3.5 million (Excl. JIO)


  • We aim to breakeven and have library of 70-75 shows by end of 3 years


  • We have carved out exclusive digital rights for some TV shows


  • Telcos giving data are very cheap rates which is boosting consumption


  • Content comes at cost of 30L-50L for ½ Hour


  • Every 6-7Th show will be a show in regional content


  • Target of reaching 8 million subscribers by 2020-2021


  • ARPU right now is 15 Rs and aim is to get it to 20 Rs, will do that by pushing it to international audience at 1$ i.e. 65-70 Rs


Link :


Bajaj Electricals

  • Last 2 years have taken a lot of hits to get our distribution in place, now expecting a high two digit growth


  • June July August will have a low base effect so 15% – 20% growth would be normal given good demand this year


  • Have good orders in EPC business from UP Power Distribution which will tilt % contribution. However we want to maintain it at 50-50 in the long run as EPC gives visibility but is risky business. Core business is consumer product business


  • We placed bid for 16 projects of low cost housing expecting to get 3-4, but we got it for all 16 projects i.e. order of 5000 crs. Which we do not have capacity for. Luckily in survey we found many houses do not exist, so will have to do orders worth 3000-3500 cr by March 2020


  • Total order book is higher than 8000 crs


Link :



Cement Industry Highlights from Annual Reports 2018

Companies covered –

Century textiles, J K Cement, Birla Corp, Ultratech Cement, Sanghi Industries, Star Cement

Century textiles

  • The demand for cement may continue to be driven further by the pick-up in the infrastructure projects viz. bridges, roads, ports, metro rails and low budget housing segment, bringing opportunities for growth in this sector.


  • The cement sector may witness incremental demand outpacing incremental supply in the next three fiscals. However, the demand-supply gap will remain, considering the excess installed capacities.


  • First quarter of FY 2017-18 witnessed a drop of 3.30% in cement production due to shortage of sand, slowdown in real estate activity, drought (in a few States) and transitional issues related to the implementation of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA)


  • Cement demand in the second quarter of FY 2017-18 was adversely impacted by the implementation of the Goods and Service Tax (GST), continued sand shortage, intermittent and irregular rainfall in different areas resulting in a meagre growth of 0.62%.


  • Third quarter (Oct to Dec) of FY 2017-18 cement production witnessed a growth of 11.38% year-onyear, while growth during the fourth quarter (Jan to March) would be about 16%, mainly due to low base in FY 2016-17 on account of the impact of demonetisation.


  • Outlook for overall cement demand in FY 2018-19 appears to be positive with demand expected to grow at 6-7% p.a. Low utilization levels coupled with increasing power & fuel costs will continue to pose challenges.


  • The per capita consumption of cement in India is very low at around 225 kg as compared to the world average of about 540 kg and 800 kg in developed countries.


  • Housing sector is the biggest demand driver of cement, accounting for about 65 per cent of the total consumption in India


  • Headwinds for Cement industry are expected to continue with companies unable to fully pass on the cost escalations to consumers


J K Cement

  • Aiming to almost double our grey cement production capacity to 18 MnTPA in the next four-five years. The increased capacity will enable us to reinforce our prominence in the northern and western markets that promise attractive growth


  • There is increasing presence of small and mid-sized cement players diminishing market concentration


  • Growing adoption of cement instead of bitumen in construction of roads


  • As per IBEF Report, June 2018 India has a cement production capacity of ~455 MT, of which almost 98% is dominated by the private sector. The top 20 companies account for ~70% of the total production


  • Grey cement registered a growth of 16% in production volumes over the last year. North and South region recorded a rise to the tune of 17% and 14%, respectively.


  • White cement registered a growth of 2% y-o-y in production volumes, whereas the value-added product, wall putty showed a growth of 14% on y-o-y basis


  • India’s cement production capacity is expected to reach 550 million tonnes by 2025. Growth in the cement sector in 2018-19 is likely to be fairly high driven by the slew of infrastructure projects like Bharatmala, Smart Cities, PM Awas Yojana and Housing for All. The Union Budget 2018-19 looks promising with increased allocations to infrastructure spending, energising the segment


  • The cement industry depends on limestone and other raw materials. However, availability of limestone is limited and thus, it is essential to promote the use of blended cement, which uses alternative raw materials such as fly ash and slag. The increase in the cost of these alternative materials — now fly ash is available on auction and slag on the basis of prevailing market prices — may further increase production costs


  • Cement industry is highly energy intensive and ~23% of its total expenditure consists of power and fuel costs


Birla Corp

  • The domestic cement sector is the second largest market globally and accounts for 6.9 per cent of the world’s cement output


  • The housing sector is the biggest demand driver of cement, accounting for about 67 per cent of the total consumption in India. The other major consumers of cement include infrastructure at 13 per cent, commercial construction at 11 per cent and industrial construction at 9 per cent


  • Power and fuel costs increased significantly owing to sharp rise in pet coke and coal prices, lower availability of domestic coal on account of priority given to the power sector and restrictions on pet coke use


  • Demand in Uttar Pradesh was heavily impacted during the first nine months of the year due to prolonged scarcity of sand and aggregates.


  • Prices in North India remained subdued and sharp increase in road freight and fuel prices put pressure on margins


  • Partly compensated by the performance in Eastern Markets, which witnessed an upswing in demand.


  • Cement companies are likely to face pressure on their profit margins in the near term on rising prices of pet coke, coal and diesel. Higher power and fuel and freight costs in the near term are likely to continue to put pressure on the margins


  • Non availability of railway rakes is posing a key risk to the industry as the movement of both inbound as well as outbound materials are getting constrained affecting the volumes.


  • The cement prices are expected to improve in the near future, buoyed by a pick-up in construction activity and easing sand availability. However, if commodity prices do not ease, realisation gains will be offset by higher expenses, keeping margin growth subdued for the industry


Ultratech Cement

  • India is the world’s second largest cement producer. In anticipation of demand, ~ 90 million tonnes of capacity was added during the past five years


  • FY 2017-18 was also a year of challenges as major States imposed a ban on sand mining, arising out of environmental concerns and entry of the unorganised sector. Sand is used as raw material by the construction industry and the ban impacted construction activity in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Rajasthan


  • Supreme Court of India introduced a ban on the use of petcoke in Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to curb pollution and even though the restriction was subsequently relaxed, there was a hike in import duty on petcoke from 2.5% to 10%


  • Overall energy cost rose by 23% attributable to substantial increase in petcoke and coal prices.

Sanghi Industries

  • The capacity utilization of industry during FY-18 was around 65% against 68% during FY-17


  • The raw material cost per tonne of sale has increased by around 21% in FY-18 over FY-17


  • Power and fuel cost per tonne of sale has increased by around 23% in FY-18 over FY-17 mainly because of increase in coal and petcoke cost and comparatively lower production over FY-17


Star Cement

  • The East India market will continue to be deficit to the extent of 10 million tonnes per annum of cement, making it necessary to import cement from outside East India and other regions.


  • A cement company that can grow its operations with the least capital is inevitably the one that is most successful.


  • The manufacture of clinker entails the transportation of limestone and coal to the plant; the manufacture of cement entails the transportation of clinker and other materials to its plant; the marketing of cement entails expenses to reach material to consumers. Inevitably, the Company with the lowest logistic cost is attractively placed to be the most competitive.


  • Some 210 large cement plants together account for 410 million tonnes of installed capacity in the country, while 350 mini cement plants make up the rest. Of the total 210 large cement plants in India, 77 are located in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.


  • Cement production in India increased from 230.49 million tonnes during FY2011-12 to reach 297.56 million tonnes during FY2017-18


  • Export of cement, clinker and asbestos cement increased at a CAGR of 10.37% between FY2011-12 and FY2017-18 to reach US$ 433.87 million.


  • However, during the same period, imports of cement, clinker and asbestos cement increased at a CAGR of 11.14% to reach US$ 174.36 million.

Management Interviews – M&M, CCL Products, Take Solutions, Mahindra Life, Motherson Sumi, Bajaj Electricals

M&M – Tractor & Farm Equipment Division

  • Q1 growth will be in mid teens, annual growth will be at 8-10% and hence demand shall get subdued going forward in the year
  • Growth last year was on low base, as we get in H2 of this year, base will be higher
  • Last year 37% of revenues came from global businesses
  • We lead the prices in the industry. Last price increase was in march timeframe
  • Will look at prices again in July – August
  • In next 5 years we aim 50% from global revenue against 37% now
  • Levers to growth will be
    1. Shift from Tractor to Farm Machinery
    2. Global strategy – Global business growth
    3. Creating new technologies
    4. Managing costs

Full Interview :


CCL Products

  • New plant coming online at end of this FY
  • If we receive customers approval in time we can reach upto 20% growth or else it stays in range of 10-20%
  • Ours is not a commodity based business, we supply to brands and brand owners. So change in coffee prices does not impact our business materially
  • Revenue growth is not a correct indicator for us, as revenue figures are based on tea / coffee prices which have fallen 15-20% from last year which automatically means proportionate decrease in topline
  • 70% of production cost is raw material itself, so significant impact will be seen in topline
  • Bottomline will give you better indicator because as volumes increase bottom line is also increasing
  • US consumes 80k tonne of instant coffee, japan consumes 25k tonne, We in India consume only 10-15k tonne. India is growing at 15-20% YoY
  • Our focus will be on new products where we see larger potential of growth
  • Last year we achieved 46 crs in domestic market, this year we are projecting 100 crs based on our Q1 performance

Full Interview :


Take Solutions

  • Looking at organic growth rate of 23-24%
  • Strong order book which stands at 190 million $ as on 31st March
  • Last 12 quarters, Lifescience business have grown at 8.5% CAGR QoQ
  • Going through acquisition route in clinical research business in USA
  • We have cash of 350 crs on B/S
  • We are seeing account led growth from existing customers which is giving us higher revenues
  • Our aspiration is to do 500-600 mn $ in revenues in three years and we are currently at 246 mn $
  • depreciation does not impact us much as we earn in $ we also spend much in $

Full Interview :


Mahindra Life

  • Commences new project ‘Roots’ at Kandivali East in Mumbai
  • Sub 1 acre project – 1.42 L sq ft saleable area
  • Sub 200 crs of revenue potential from this project
  • 1 project going on in NCR, 1 in Bangalore, 1 in Pune, 1 in Hyderabad and 1 in Chennai
  • Evaluating the impact of Accounting Std changes on Financials
  • Will see few launches in Mumbai and Out of Mumbai in this year

Full Interview :


Motherson Sumi

  • 3 new greenfield sights will add as by 2019-2020 it will add a billion USD to topline
  • This seems to be the last plant for the order book of 17.2 billion
  • Acquisitions will make much of a impact on to the topline, we are sitting at 12.5-13 billion, will go to 18 billion for motherson sumi
  • We have a huge pipeline for acquistion, we are negotiating
  • Hungarian and other plants will come to full capacity in 2018 end or Q1 2019

Full Interview ;


Bajaj Electrical

  • Margins are very competitive in government orders, from industry point of view its not a money making situatuion for us as tender prices are very low
  • 1st acquisition for Bajaj Electricals – 80% shares will be acquired in NIRLEP and subsequently 100%
  • NIRLEP’s last year turnover was 60 crs and clients like IKEA, Future group. Turnover in current year should cross 80 crs
  • NIRLEP is not profitable as of now

Full Interview :



Management Interviews – Saksoft, Sanghi Inds, Escorts, BEML, Welspun Corp, Lemon Tree Hotels, Omax Auto, Bluestar


  • Focused on digital services in following spaces
    1. Fintech
    2. Healthcare
    3. Logistics
    4. Ecommerce
    5. Telecom
    6. B2B
  • Our revenue drivers are
    1. Application services
    2. Digital testing
    3. Analytical services
  • depreciation is good as 90% revenus comes from Europe and US
  • 5 Customers with more than 1 million $ revenue
  • 90% revenues comes from repeat customers
  • Margins can improve 50-100 bps from current 13% odd
  • We keep looking for midsize companies between valuation of 5mn to 10mn in size
  • Expect growth to be better than last year
  • Small debt of 25 crs
  • Promoter % holding has reduced only because of reclassification from promoter to non promoter

Full Interview:


Sanghi Industries

  • Not cut off any prices from May in Mumbai
  • There will be impact on price as well as volumes as monsoons will arrive
  • Mumbai forms around 10% of our market
  • A fortnight’s shutdown was taken in month of Feb which was a one off event, growth should return to normalcy from this quarter
  • FY 19 we expect to end at 3-3.2 mn tonnes of volumes sales
  • Typically Q1 and Q2 will see 40% of the years volume and Q3 and Q4 see 60% of the voumes
  • Diesel and Energy prices have gone up and will have impact on whole industry
  • In Q4 no cement company posted 20%+ margins and Ebitda have come down to below 1000 from 1200-1400 range
  • Fly ash availibility shall improve next quarter or so
  • Capex plan is on track as planned, entire project will get commissioned by end of FY 20

Full Interview :



  • Expect insutry to grow at double digit somewhere around 9-11% is possible on a already strong base
  • Escorts have been supplier to Indian railways for suspension and braking systems, now we are looking to expanding our portfolio going into electrical categories
  • There is an inflation pressure since last 15 months and trend will continue for this year too, so far able to pass on all costs with a lag of a quarter
  • We are expecting 2.5 times growth happening on topline side
    1. Railways – 4 times growth
    2. Construction – 3 times growth
    3. Tractor – 2.5 times growth

Full Interview :



  • Order book is around 6700 crs and expecting good orders this year
  • Can see 30% revenue growth this year
  • Mining and construction order book target is 1800 crs
  • Rail and Metro order book target is 1800 – 1900 crs
  • Defence we see 1000 crs order this year
  • Improved margins will come from spare sales in defence, high end equipments in mining and construction, memo orders in railways
  • Margins will be better than last year
  • Capex this year will be double of last year (70 crs) into aerospace, rail and metro, ARV order in defence
  • Stake sale is delayed because of due diligence process

Full Interview :


Welspun Corp

  • 2 orders one from Latin American market and one from American market which will be serviced in this FY itself
  • Current order book is at 1.64 Mill Tonnes, consolidated order value of 11400 cr rs. These 2 orders out together will add 700 crs odd
  • Both orders will be fairly remunerative as compared to previous orders
  • Margins in American order will be higher than normal margins
  • Very strong demand and prices for oil so American market looks good, till now we have not faced any hindrance
  • We are already booked for 9 months of this year

Full Interview :


Lemon Tree Hotels

  • Demand over last 5 years have grown 13% a year and supply is only going to grow at 6-7%
  • No one is building hotels anymore due to poor economics at present
  • Huge shift seen in young middle class population with rising disposable income towards branded mid market hotels
  • There would roughly be a 500-1000 bps of difference between Revenue nos. of a hotel chain and a standalone hotel
  • Over 200k hotel rooms in India, over 62% is branded
  • Over time standalone hotels will be under pressure to merge with chains
  • Next 5-7 years – ther will be 5-6 dominant chains in India international as well as domestic
  • Bombay region has highest barrier to entry because cost of land is very high and development approval process is a nightmare
  • Mumbai Lemon tree premier is 671 room hotel, 8L sq ft built up area, will be ready in next 3.5 years. Avg rates will be around 8000 rs. with 80% occupancy
  • Group occupancy rate is at 76-77%
  • Our ability is to re price in better in winters than in summers
  • Current debt is 1000 crs, don’t see debt significantly going up this year
  • In summary we have 6600 rooms, 66 hotels.
  • 300 room hotel in Bombay, 200 room in Pune, 90 room in Dehradun, 140 room in Kolkata and 140 room in Udaipur. All owned assets
  • Also open another 700 managed rooms this year.
  • Bombay will require significant investment of 800 crs, 200 crs already funded, rest will be through internal accruals and little debt. Peak debt will be 1300 crs. Will be comfortably able to service it
  • ARR’s are higher for this holiday season than last year

Full Interview :


Omax Auto

  • Indian railways have taken decision to replace conventional ICF designed coaches with German LHP designed coach
  • There are roughly 45000 coaches in circulation today and replacement is planned in next 7-8 years i.e. 6000 coaches per year plus annual demand of 3500 new coaches evey year. So demand will be around 10000 coaches p.a.
  • We make coach furnishing items to support production units
  • Current capacity utilization is at 72% and processing 4800 tonnes stainless steel every year. With capacity expansion in next 2 years the capacity will double
  • Formal production will start in last quarter of FY 19 (Around 15-20% of overall capacity to come online)
  • Last year turnover from Indian railways was 150 crs , tgt for 2020 is to take it to 500 crs, reducing the dependence on 2W business
  • 3 years down the line railways shall form 35-40% of overall sales
  • Ebitda in last year was 4.5%, expecting it to rise to 7-8%
  • Our margins from railway business are better than automotives
  • Looking to dispose land in Gujarat and certain part of Northern India

Full Interview :



  • Penetration levels in this country is very low say around 5%
  • Impulse purchase due to summer have not happened this year but market outlook demand has not gone
  • As far as GDP grows by 7-7.5%, market for room air conditioners will grow by 10%
  • Jan to March was a good quarter, April to June is not going to be good but at the year end we see 10% growth.
  • Inventory levels is the one pressure one can see, industry will have 500,000 units as inventory i.e. 2-3 months
  • Good monsoon and festival season is the hope
  • North and West did good in May, South and East sales were down due to rains.
  • Air conditioner is the last durable for many buyers i.e. after 4wheelers
  • Very likely to increase prices in July or Aug

Full Interview :





Management Interviews – UFO Moviez, Gujarat Gas, Glenmark Pharma, Thomas Cook, Coal India, Godfrey Phillips

UFO Moviez – Kapil Agarwal, Joint MD

  • Ad revenue growth should be 20% or above
  • Minutes Ad / Show should grow at 20-25%
  • of screens are constant 50 +/- is what we expect
  • Main screens growth is coming from multiplexes where we do not have advertising rights as they sell their own advertising
  • Caravan has grown from EBIT of 2crs to 8crs and expecting healthy growth further

Full Interview:


Gujarat Gas – Nitin Patel, CEO

  • We can maintain 6.8 mmscmd volume growth
  • We have defined 2 segments PNG/CNG (Gas provided by Govt. of Gujarat) and LNG (Buy and Sell to the industries), Growth will come from both segments
  • Industrial prices – 80-90% contracts are dollar based; dollar shocks are passed on
  • CNG/ PNG is non dollar based pricing – we monitor and pass on the prices as per strategy
  • Bids for 86 geographies and 147 districts opening shortly – Out of these we have bid for 48 in 1st screen and 2nd screen is going on, eventually we will see at 20 odd cities for bidding

Full Interview:


Glenmark Pharma – Glenn Saldhana, CMD

  • US business is challenging but got couple of approvals this quarter
  • From Q1 one should see US business doing much better than last year
  • New approvals will over shadow the price decline that we see in US
  • Everyone is facing margins pressure in US and hard to predict what will it look like
  • On a full year basis margins will look reasonably good, not providing any specific number
  • Several molecules under development which could get out licensed in current year
  • Will generate free cash in core business which will bring down debt
  • Strong growth from India in domestic and consumer care business
  • R&D spends @ 12% will remain flat on full year basis

Full Interview :


Thomas Cook – Madhavan Menon, CMD

  • After removing one offs – profitability have grown by 9% in Q4
  • Sterling holdiays resort losses halved; EBITDA nos. have shown signs of turnaround
  • SOTC and Thomas cook forward booking for outbound travel is 34% above last year, after depreciating Re it is still 28-30% growth
  • Have used analytics to follow on leads and regional tours have taken off significantly this year
  • Foreign exchange business is the cash cow in thomas cook portfolio, no intention of demerging
  • Not want to get into NBFC at this time

Full Interview :


Coal India – Samiran Dutta, Chief Manager – Finance

  • Q4 was best in last few years in terms of production and offtake
  • Production was 183 mn tonne and offtake was 158 mn tonne
  • In Jan 2018 we have revised our prices
  • Realizations in Q4 were Rs.1573 / tonne vs 1495 / tonne
  • FY’19 production growth at 16% and offtake at 13%
  • Targetting production of 630 mn tonne in FY 19
  • Incentive is around 500 crores which is included in sales number
  • E – Auction prices is around ~2000 / tonne
  • Started year with 55 mn tonne of inventory
  • Receivables have come down as marketing team is continously monitoring and hope to continue in future also

Full Interview:


Godfrey Phillips – KK Modi, President

  • Industry volumes have come down by 4%
  • Illicit cigarettes are around 25% od total market
  • FY 19 Industry growth will be flattish and our volumes will go up slightly (in single digits)
  • Slight increase in prices due to gst but not significant
  • FY 19 if taxes remains stable, prices will remain stable, as industry will not raise prices
  • Current mkt share is slight higher than 12%
  • We are currently selling only in 40% of India , looking for geographical expansion esp. Soth India

Full Interview :



Management Interviews – TTK Prestige, Prabhat Dairy, Atul Auto, Tata Chemicals, Ashok Leyland, Manappuram Finance

TTK Prestige – TT Jagannathan

  • Dont give revenue projections but domestic rev growth of 14.5% can be repeated in FY19
  • There is good growth across the board
  • We will have to pass on cost increases to market for increase in aluminium prices
  • Looking for 150 crores capex this year for prestige brand
  • Revenues from cleaning solution business – little below our projection of 30 crs – Projecting 60 crs in this FY
  • Major growth is coming from online and rural
  • Export outlook is good this year with 2 new clients, expect more than 100% growth this year

Full Interview:


Prabhat Dairy, Vivek Nirmal, Joint MD

  • B2C contributes 30% of our revenue, intend it to take to 50% in next 2 years
  • 70% largely comes from premium dairy ingredients
  • Gross margins are higher from B2C vs B2B. However due to higher spend on distribution, Ebitda margins from B2B and B2C are at pretty same levels
  • We expect a double digit margins post 2020 after distribution and sales efficiency kicks in
  • Milk procurement prices are stable at 23₹/ltr
  • Largely we are Maharashtra focused brand, cover more than 40,000 outlets in Maharashtra
  • Ice cream is still a small product, its not more than 10 crores – still in test launch phase – will move towards 100 crore category in next few years
  • Promoters have increased stake in company last year, will be looking to increase at the right price

Full Interview:


Atul Auto – Jitendra Adhia

  • Will be doing double digit growth in next fiscal as well
  • We find demand is reviving from rural and semi urban side
  • In medium term i.e. 3–5 years our export contribution shall be sizeable at 20-25% vs 7% as of now
  • We expect capacity utilization above 80% in next fiscal
  • We were going to take price hike but waiting for right time
  • Our network is around 320 touch points and will keep on increasing 20-25% yoy

Full Interview :


Tata Chemicals – R Mukandan 

  • We have completely exited fertilizer which led to some erosion of numbers
  • Focus is shifted from consumer product business to modern trade
  • Sharpest change have come from pulses from having a long supply chain to having a short supply chain, improved margins but impacted revenue numbers
  • Margins depends on market condition which has been favorable to us, will stick by 18% margins
  • Europe operations are doing well, main product sales were not impacted but what they earned additionally by selling electricity to customers were impacted
  • We have soda ash and salt business there. Salt is rock steady. Additional power sales were impacted due to disturbances in turbine which is fixed now
  • PAT nos. include one time sale of fertilizer business which have to be factored in
  • We have de-risked the Rallis business even if monsoon is impacted slightly
  • Rains in Colombo is good and it should be hitting Kerala any time
  • Targeted 5000 crores mark in revenue coming 3-4 years
  • We are in basic pulses, launched organic pulses, launched besan and now khichdi, chilla mixes and a range of products still coming out
  • Also building the spices portfolio

Full Interview:


Ashok Leyland – Gopal Mahadevan, CFO

  • Net cash is around 3000 crores
  • Have seen market shifting from smaller tonnage to heavier tonnages
  • In full year seen a rise of 12-14% in industry volumes
  • We do not sell on credit
  • Industry is consistently discounting and we have been consistently raising prices
  • As RM price is going up we have no choice but to raise prices
  • In last 7 years we have moved from 300 touch points to roughly around 3000 touch points today
  • We were able to grab huge market growth in North and also in Central India in FY 17-18
  • Rising crude prices – Freight cost rise will not be in consideration for infrastructure projects to happen

Full Interview :


Manappuram Finance – Mr Nandakumar

  • Last 2 quarters we are doing well, collections have been improving in micro finance and other businesses
  • Targeting 10-15% growth in gold loan, good recovery in micro finance, CV business has stabilized, Home finance there was some stress
  • Asset quality will remain good in gold loan buinsess
  • Online gold loan – volumes are high and risks are low
  • Average loan to value in gold loan is below 70%
  • Efforts are in full steam for digitization
  • Security cost has gone up by 130-140 crores, looking to bring down this cost by electronic technology and new storage models
  • 25% is non gold book – it will move upto 30% in current year

Full Interview: